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Japan’s Kishida Says Shrinking Population Must be Fixed Now

PM Fumio Kishida warned on Monday that action must be taken immediately to remedy the ‘crisis’ in a society where the median age is 49, the highest in the world behind Monaco

Japan's PM has vowed to bolster the country's declining birth rate.
Children wear masks as they arrive at Takanedai Daisan elementary school in Funabashi, Chiba prefecture in this file photo by Reuters.


Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has vowed to take urgent steps on Monday to bolster the country’s declining birth rate.

The PM spoke after official estimates revealed that births sank to a record low of less than 800,000 births for the first time – eight years faster than the government expected.

Kishida warned that action had to be taken immediately to remedy the ‘crisis’ in a society where the median age is 49 – the highest in the world behind tiny Monaco.

Japan has tried in recent years to encourage its people to have more children with promises of cash bonuses and better benefits, but it remains one of the most expensive places in the world to raise a child, according to surveys.

“Our nation is on the cusp of whether it can maintain its societal functions,” Kishida said in a policy speech at the opening of this year’s parliamentary session.

“It is now or never when it comes to policies regarding births and child-rearing – it is an issue that simply cannot wait any longer,” he added.


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Child budget to double

Kishida said he would submit plans to double the budget for child-related policies by June, and that a new Children and Families government agency to oversee the issue would be set up in April.

Japan is the third-most-expensive country globally to raise a child, according to YuWa Population Research, behind only China and South Korea, countries also seeing shrinking populations in worrying signs for the global economy.

Other countries are also coming to grips with ageing and shrinking populations.

Last week, China reported that its population dropped in 2022 for the first time in 60 years.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard


NOTE: The headline on this report was amended on January 24, 2023.





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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years.


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