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Frustrations Mount Over China’s Zero-Covid Controls

Signs of growing public frustration and anger have emerged across China as authorities enforce their ‘zero-Covid’ policy to try to counter the more infectious Omicron variant

Workers in protective suits stand near a sealed off area after a Covid outbreak in Beijing, March 21, 2022. File photo: CG Rawlins, Reuters.


In footage shared on social media last week, a crowd of people in the northeastern Chinese city of Shenyang bang against the windows of a clothing market as they shout in frustration at the announcement of yet another round of Covid-19 tests.

Though the local government quickly urged people not to “spread rumours” about the incident, the response from netizens was immediate. “Refuse quarantine!” said one. “Many people have awoken to the truth,” said another.

“It’s actually over,” said a netizen posting on WeChat under the username “Jasmine Tea”. “The common cold is more serious than this… The testing agencies want this to go on. The vaccine companies want to inoculate forever.”

The comments reflect growing frustrations throughout China as authorities use all the tactics in their “zero-Covid” playbook to grapple with the more infectious Omicron variant.

As case numbers surge, members of the public are wondering whether the government’s increasingly complex “dynamic clearance” methods – including the continuous testing of residents – still work.

At a briefing last week, Wang Hesheng, vice-head of the country’s National Health Commission, said China’s increasingly refined tactics had reduced inconvenience.

“It shows that at the cost of the normal activities of very small numbers of people, and the control of movement in very small areas, what comes in exchange is normal production and normal life for the widest range of regions and people,” he said.

But there have been signs that a lack of clarity and consistency is exasperating the public, and China’s social media censors have been working overtime to try to clear the tide of complaints.

In Yanjiao in Hebei province, a dormitory town for workers in Beijing, residents have been struggling to get home amid stringent lockdowns.

Images shared online, many of which have already been deleted, showed residents queuing in heavy snow for test results to get out of the capital. The posts drew hundreds of comments.

“It’s been three years since the outbreak and the government is still so ineffective in handling it – lazy one-size-fits-all government in complete disregard for the life and death of the people,” said one netizen, posting on China’s Twitter-like Weibo platform under the username Aobei.

Economic hardships have also been mounting. A courier surnamed Mao in the badly hit city of Changchun in northeastern Jilin province said that 90% of the neighbourhoods have been shut down, and he couldn’t earn a living.

“I don’t have any choice, I can only wait for them to unseal the city – it’s hopeless,” he said.


Arbitrary Controls 

Residents have also complained about the arbitrary nature of the rules as well as the unchecked power of the neighbourhood residential committees responsible for enforcing them.

In Beijing, one family said their residential committee was about to install a monitoring device on their apartment door to ensure they complied with an order to stay home for two weeks. The order came after a family member entered a supermarket that had been visited two days before by a confirmed Covid-19 case.

In Shanghai, residents were also bewildered by the uneven testing standards and lockdown thresholds imposed by apartment blocks and compounds across the city.

But China’s policies have caused more than mere inconvenience, with netizens increasingly willing to discuss how lockdowns led to tragedy.

A widely shared post on Weibo last week reported that a patient undergoing chemotherapy at the Shanghai Cancer Hospital died while locked down in her lodgings next to the hospital.

In posts since deleted, bereaved citizens also shared stories about the death of loved ones caused by Covid-related disruptions.

“My dad died of a stroke at the end of last year,” said one, posting under the name MaDDNa. “There was some hope of treatment. Unfortunately, we had to wait for a nucleic acid test report and missed the best treatment time.”


Shanghai Cases Rising

Meanwhile, China’s financial hub Shanghai reported a fifth consecutive daily record on Tuesday for locally transmitted Covid-19 asymptomatic cases as the highly infectious Omicron variant complicates efforts to stop the virus spreading.

Shanghai reported 865 domestically transmitted asymptomatic infections for Monday, official data showed, up from 734 a day earlier.

Shanghai also reported 31 new local cases with confirmed symptoms, which China counts separately, on Monday, including one person who was initially reported as asymptomatic infection and showed symptoms later, according to data from the National Health Commission (NHC).

The infection uptick is small compared with those in many outbreaks overseas, but comes as Shanghai bids to double-down on efforts to follow China’s “dynamic-clearance” policy that aims to curb each flare-up, continuing the city’s mass testing scheme block by block after having completed more than 30 million tests.

Including Shanghai infections, mainland China reported on Monday 2,281 new locally transmitted cases with confirmed symptoms, the NHC said, compared with 1,947 a day earlier.

The majority of the new cases were found in the northeastern province of Jilin.

The number of new local asymptomatic cases stood at 2,313 compared with 2,384 a day earlier. There were no new deaths, leaving the death toll at 4,638.

As of March 21, mainland China had reported 134,564 cases with confirmed symptoms, including both local infections and those arriving from outside the mainland.


• Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard



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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years.


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