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China Plans 50% Jump in Computing Power by 2025 Amid AI Rush

In order to meet the demands of the rapidly developing AI industry, Beijing also plans to improve computational infrastructure in western China

A scientist with a silicon wafer. Photo: Reuters
China is still running lavish programmes seeking chip and IT graduates from elite western universities. This image shows a scientist with a silicon wafer. Photo: Reuters.


China has announced plans to boost its aggregate computing power by more than 50% in the next two years, as the country races to take the lead in the global artificial intelligence (AI) race.

As AI training requires a large amount of computation, the effort to expand the supply of computing power is increasingly becoming a focus for Beijing.

The plan also comes amid rising competition between China and the US in many high-tech areas ranging from semiconductors and supercomputers to AI, including US export controls on chipmaking equipment.


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Beijing is targeting a total computing power for the country of 300 EFLOPS by 2025, according to plans released by six departments in Beijing including the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT).

EFLOPS, equal to one quintillion floating-point operations per second, measures a computer’s speed. The MIIT revealed in August that China’s computing power has reached 197 EFLOPS this year, up from 180 EFLOPS in 2022.

The ministry said at the time it ranked China as second behind the United States, but did not elaborate on the scale of the US computing power it referenced.

According to a blog post by Google last month, the world’s top-tier generative AI models “will require tens of EFLOPs of AI supercomputing to maintain training times of several weeks or less”.

In order to meet the demands of the rapidly developing AI industry, Beijing also plans to improve computational infrastructure in western China.



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MIIT’s plan sets out plans to build more data centres across the country to facilitate businesses’ access to computing power.

Expansive but less populated provinces in China such as southwestern Guizhou have long been tasked to establish massive data centres to power the country’s internet. For example, Apple has set up data centres in Guizhou with a local partner to serve its users in the country.

The ministry also aims to focus on improving the speed and efficiency of the computation network.

The announced plan said that transmission speeds between critical computing facilities must not allow a latency of more than 5 milliseconds.


  • Reuters, with additional editing by Vishakha Saxena


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Vishakha Saxena

Vishakha Saxena is the Multimedia and Social Media Editor at Asia Financial. She has worked as a digital journalist since 2013, and is an experienced writer and multimedia producer. As a trader and investor, she is keenly interested in new economy, emerging markets and the intersections of finance and society. You can write to her at [email protected]


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