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China to Target High-Risk Institutions, Reduce System Threats

In the wake of the Silicon Valley Bank collapse, China’s central bank has promised to focus its gaze on its own vulnerable small- and medium-sized financial outfits

China's Central Commission for Discipline Inspection is investigating PBOC former head of monetary policy Sun Guofeng.
The People's Bank of China (PBOC). Photo: Jason Lee/Reuters


China’s central bank has pledged to target its own high-risk institutions in a bid to head off the threat of systemic financial risks in the future.

Reforms of problematic small and mid-sized financial institutions have made key progress, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) said in a statement on Wednesday, and illegal financial activities have been curbed.

The central bank will continue to follow the guidance of “overall planning and coordination, differentiated policies and precise bomb disposal”, it said.

“It is necessary to strengthen the financial risk disposal mechanism and capacity building, strengthen monitoring, early warning and evaluation”.


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China’s economy showed a gradual though uneven recovery in the first two months, but statistics bureau spokesman Fu Linghui told a briefing on Wednesday that corporate and personal balance sheets damaged during the pandemic would need time for repair.

Central bank chief Yi Gang told a news conference on March 3 that China has reduced the number of high-risk small- and medium-sized financial institutions to more than 300 from over 600 over the past three years.

The government has unveiled plans to set up a new regulator – the National Financial Regulatory Administration – which will take over some regulatory responsibilities, including overseeing financial holding companies and investor protection, from the PBOC.

“The revamp signals a shift in the government’s priority towards financial stability and de-risking the financial exposure of local governments and financial institutions,” ANZ analysts said in a note.

“Local governments’ explicit debts have increased 16% year-on-year over the past five years. Their implicit debts may have reached 60 trillion yuan ($8.69 trillion), or half of China’s GDP, according to our estimates,” ANZ said.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Sean O’Meara


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Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.


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