Type to search

China’s Factory Downturn Slows in Upbeat Sign For Economy

China’s official manufacturing purchasing managers’ index improved to 49.8 in January, compared with 47.0 in December

China factory activity
Many manufacturers had warned that Covid infections would have an impact on industrial productivity this month.


China’s factory activity slowdown is expected to have decelerated this month even though Beijing’s rollback of its zero-Covid policy has continued to hamper production.

A Reuters poll has forecast that factory output in January has contracted more slowly than in December. This comes even as an “exit wave” of infections passes through the population and workforce faster than economists had anticipated, continuing to disrupt production lines.

The official manufacturing purchasing managers’ index (PMI) improved to 49.8 in January, compared with 47.0 in December, according to the median forecast of 25 economists polled by Reuters, reversing a downward trend running from September, but falling shy of breaking back into expansion territory.


Also on AF: Nissan, Renault Announce Major Rejig of Car Alliance


An index reading above 50 indicates expansion in activity on a monthly basis and a reading below indicates contraction. The official manufacturing PMI, which largely focuses on big and state-owned firms, and its survey for the services sector, will be released on Tuesday.

The data is one of the first indicators from the National Bureau of Statistics of how the economy has managed following the end of China’s “zero-Covid” regime and over the week-long Lunar New Year festival, that ended on Friday. 

Many manufacturers had raised concerns that Covid infections among their workforce and seasonal factory closures would significantly impact industrial productivity for the month.

Eighty percent of people in China had already been infected with Covid-19 before festivities began, according to China’s chief epidemiologist, with the “exit wave” passing through the country faster than economists had anticipated and bringing fewer disruptions too.


China Facing External Headwinds

“Early signs suggest that conditions improved in January,” according to a note from Capital Economics, “and any lingering supply-side issues will matter less at a time of year when factories wind down production in any case,” they added while forecasting a PMI reading of 50.0.

The world’s second-largest economy continues to face major external headwinds on the demand-side, however, with China’s export-orientated manufacturers continuing to report shrinking order books as fears of a global recession linger.

China’s cabinet pledged on Saturday to boost consumption to help drive the economy’s recovery. Over the Lunar New Year holiday, consumption increased 12.2% on the same period last year despite concerns that the services sector might be hobbled by staff shortages resulting from Covid.

The private sector Caixin manufacturing PMI, which centres more on small firms and coastal regions, will be published on February 1. Analysts polled by Reuters expect a headline reading of 49.5, up from 49.0 in December.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Sean O’Meara


Read more:

China Factory Activity Sees Biggest Fall in Nearly 3 Years

China Factory, Service Sectors Drop to Seven Month Lows

China Factory Output Rebounds But With Uncertain Future



Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.


AF China Bond