Some of China’s state-backed financial institutions are pushing back against Beijing’s calls to support the embattled property sector amid concern they will be left with major debts on their balance sheets, many sources say.
Without explicit financial backing from Beijing, senior executives at some institutions are wary of dealing with debt-laden developers and later incurred potential losses of their own.
Part of the reason is because employees are increasingly being held accountable by authorities for poor lending and investment decisions if they sign off on support for struggling developers, two of the sources said.
China’s property sector, which accounts for about a quarter of the economy, has been lurching from crisis to crisis since the summer of 2020 as a result of regulators stepping in to cut excess leverage in the sector, which led some developers to default on their debts and struggle to complete projects.
Property investment, home sales and new construction are plummeting as the troubles scare off potential buyers.
Last week, China’s banking regulator was scrutinising property sector loans at some local and foreign lenders to assess systemic risks, as the real estate sector’s debt crisis worsens.
The reluctance of some Chinese lenders shows the challenges and limited options for Beijing to help revive the sector.
Chinese authorities have held multiple closed-door meetings in recent weeks during which banks and other financial institutions including securities companies were encouraged to support fundraising by developers, the sources said.
Although the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) has been nudging state-backed financial firms to support fundraising by stronger developers, it has so far refrained from issuing specific orders, according two separate sources.
Officials at two state banks and three state-backed asset managers said they have been trimming their holdings of property bonds since early this year despite several rounds of regulatory “window guidance” – verbal instructions from regulators to mainly Chinese companies – they received to support the sector.
All the sources declined to be identified for this story due to the sensitivity of the matter.
The PBOC and the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC) did not respond to requests for comment.
Developers’ Offshore Bonds Plunged 200%
While banks rapidly expanding loan exposure to developers would be a moral hazard for Beijing which unveiled policies to rein in ballooning leverage two years ago, authorities this year have guided strong builders to also issue onshore bonds to restore normalcy in fundraising activities.
Loans granted by Chinese banks to developers in July dropped close to 37% on-year, while capital raised from offshore bond markets plunged 200%, according to calculations of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) data.
Onshore bond issuance in July, however, rose 4.2% from June to 32 billion yuan, according to researcher CRIC. Top issuers during the month were mostly state-owned or backed developers, including China Vanke and China Jinmao.
The issuance of onshore bonds is expected to rise – stock prices of developers and some of their bonds rebounded last week after media reported that Beijing would guarantee new onshore bond issues by a few, better-quality private firms.
As part of that move, Longfor Group Holdings on Tuesday announced the launch of an up to 1.5 billion yuan ($218.54 million) bond offering. And there are expected to be more in coming days.
Chinese financial firms are typically major subscribers to these new offerings by local companies. This time, however, some are not looking to buy new notes even from developers that have relatively better balance sheets.
“We can’t afford riding out the volatility before maturity. It will mess up our books,” a credit analyst with a Shanghai-based and state-backed asset manager said, talking about interest in new bonds from developers.
“Analysis does not work any more, because pessimism has grabbed the market … anything related to property is a no-go,” said the credit analyst, who declined to be identified as they are not allowed to speak to the media.
Longfor declined to comment.
Huarong Asset Management Company, one of China’s four large state-owned bad loan managers, has been tasked with looking at some stalled property projects, but has passed over many, said an official involved in those decisions.
“We need to have some comfort that we’ll get repaid at least some of our funds,” the official said, adding that the banking sector regulator would be visiting their offices this month to assess property risks.
Huarong did not respond to requests for comment.
Some developers are also finding that state reassurances on stabilising the sector don’t necessarily translate into more bank funding, as they scramble to finish apartment construction to placate homebuyers threatening to stop paying mortgages.
An industry source close to developers said issuing bonds now was not easy as it’s hard to find buyers and many investors were trying to sell their holdings. Banks also may not have enough purchase quota for all the issuers, the source added.
- Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard