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China Industrial Profits Dip Amid Weak Demand, Property Crisis

Profits rose 9% on-year in November to 805.96 billion yuan ($126.54 billion), well off the 24.6% gain reported in October

China factory
Many Chinese factories closed in the first half of February due to Lunar New Year festivities, putting a temporary leash on demand for raw materials. But the war in Ukraine has since raised concerns of supply disruptions, pushing energy and global commodities prices to decade-highs. File photo by Reuters.


Profits at China’s industrial firms grew at a much slower pace in November, the statistics bureau said on Monday, pressured by tumbling prices of some raw materials, a faltering property market and weaker consumer demand.

Profits rose 9.0% on-year in November to 805.96 billion yuan ($126.54 billion), well off the 24.6% gain reported in October.

For the January-November period, industrial firms’ profits rose 38.0% year-on-year to 7.98 trillion yuan, slower than the 42.2% rise in the first 10 months of 2021, the statistics bureau said.

Zhu Hong, senior statistician at NBS, said while state efforts to cool soaring wholesale prices in November took cost pressures off downstream industries, the curbs meant the contribution from the mining and raw material sectors to overall profit growth weakened.

“But companies still face great cost pressures, and the improvement in profits for downstream sector needs to be further consolidated,” Zhu said in a statement accompanying the data release.

Multiple Challenges

China’s red-hot factory-gate inflation cooled slightly in November, driven by a government crackdown on runaway commodity prices and an easing power crunch as Beijing scrambled to lessen the crippling economic effects of surging costs.

The world’s second-largest economy, which has lost steam after a solid recovery from the pandemic last year, faces multiple challenges as a property downturn deepens, supply bottlenecks persist and strict Covid-19 curbs hit consumer spending.

The country’s property distress has also hurt the steel sector while production of cement, glass, and household appliances remains vulnerable to falling demand.

At a key agenda-setting meeting this month, China’s top leaders pledged to stabilise the economy and keep growth within a reasonable range in 2022.

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) this month cut the amount of cash that banks must hold in reserve and lowered the one-year benchmark lending rate marginally to stimulate growth.

The industrial profit data covers large firms with annual revenue of over 20 million yuan from their main operations.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard





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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years and has a family in Bangkok.


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