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China Regulators Set Sights on Macau Casinos, Triggering $18bn Plunge

China announced a regulatory overhaul that could see its officials supervising the companies that run the casinos.

The world's largest gambling hub has been hit hard by Covid, with revenues dropping 68% year-on-year to $400 million in May.
The six Macau casino operators are facing daily revenue losses and accumulating debt as liquidity continues to dry up. Photo: Reuters.

Shares of Macau’s casino operators plummeted by as much as a third on Wednesday – wiping out about $18 billion in value – after Beijing’s regulators turned their attentions on the world’s largest gambling hub.

The government announced a regulatory overhaul that could see its officials supervising the companies that run the casinos.

With Macau’s lucrative casino licences up for rebidding next year, the move spooked a Hong Kong market already deep in the red after Beijing’s crackdowns on its technology, education and property sectors. 

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Wynn Macau led the plunge, falling as much as 34% to a record low, followed by a 28% tumble for Sands China. Peers MGM China, Galaxy Entertainment, SJM and Melco Entertainment all fell heavily, taking the total drop to HK$143 billion ($18 billion).    

The slump came after Lei Wai Nong, Macau’s secretary for economy and finance, gave notice on Tuesday of a 45-day consultation period for the gambling industry beginning the following day, pointing to deficiencies in industry supervision.

Beijing, increasingly wary of Macau’s acute reliance on gambling, has not yet said how the licence rebidding process will be judged.  

Some Hong Kong stock analysts wasted little time in downgrading their view of near-term prospects for casino operators in the Chinese special administrative region, who must all rebid for licences when current permits expire in June 2022.

JP Morgan is downgrading to neutral or underweight all Macau gaming names from overweight, because of the tougher scrutiny on capital management and daily operations ahead of licence renewals, said analyst DS Kim. 


“We admit it’s only a ‘directional’ signal, while the level of actual regulation or execution still remains a moot point,” he said, adding the news would have already implanted doubt in investors’ minds.

At a news briefing on Tuesday, Lei detailed nine areas for the consultation, such as the number of licences, better regulation and employee welfare, as well as having government representatives to supervise daily casino operations.

The government also plans to increase voting shares in gaming concessionaires for permanent residents of Macau, as well as more rules on transfer and distribution of profits to shareholders.

Discussions over the future of Macau’s casino licences come amid rocky US-China relations, leaving some investors fearing an edge for domestic players over US-based casino operators.

The government has not singled out any US players, but companies have moved to beef up the presence of Chinese or local executives as they position themselves more as Macau operators than foreign ones.



Macau has boosted its scrutiny of casinos in recent years, clamping down on illicit capital flows from mainland China and targeting underground lending and illegal cash transfers.

Beijing has also stepped up a war on cross-border flows of funds for gambling, hitting the funding of Macau’s junket operators and their VIP customers.    

In June, Macau more than doubled the number of gaming inspectors and restructured departments to boost supervision.    

George Choi, a Citigroup analyst in Hong Kong, said while the public consultation document gave few details, the suggested changes benefit long-term sustainable growth, with “positive implications on the six casino operators.”

However, he cautioned, “We will not be surprised if the market focuses only on the potentially negative implications, given the weak investor sentiment.” 

The consultation comes as Macau has struggled with a dearth of travellers because of coronavirus curbs since the start of 2020. While gambling revenues have picked up in recent months, they remain less than half of 2019 monthly figures.


  • Reuters and Sean O’Meara


Read more:

The Hit List: How China’s Crackdowns Have Cost Its Firms Billions

Macau casinos see huge losses as virus slams travel


Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.


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