Global health officials are seeking facts about China’s tumultuous Covid outbreak as an increasing number of countries call for pre-departure testing by Chinese travellers.
Concern about Beijing’s unreliable Covid data has aggravated dealings with the World Health Organisation and governments that have said visitors from China must undergo Covid tests before flying to their country.
Beijing sharply criticized the testing requirements on Tuesday and threatened counter-measures against countries involved, such as the United States, Canada and some European nations.
“We believe that the entry restrictions adopted by some countries targeting China lack scientific basis, and some excessive practices are even more unacceptable,” Foreign Ministry spokesperson Mao Ning said at a daily briefing.
“We are firmly opposed to attempts to manipulate the Covid measures for political purposes and will take counter-measures based on the principle of reciprocity,” she said, without explaining what steps China might take.
Paper Rallies Chinese for ‘Final Victory’
China’s axing of its stringent virus curbs last month has unleashed Covid on a 1.4 billion population that has little natural immunity having been shielded from the virus since it emerged in its Wuhan city three years ago.
Funeral homes have reported a spike in demand for their services, hospitals are packed with patients, and international health experts predict at least one million deaths in China this year.
But officially, China has reported a small number of Covid deaths since the policy U-turn and has played down concerns about a disease that it was previously at pains to eradicate through mass lockdowns even as the rest of the world opened up.
But on Wednesday the government’s mouthpiece newspaper rallied citizens for a “final victory” over the virus.
“China and the Chinese people will surely win the final victory against the epidemic,” Chinese Communist Party mouthpiece the People’s Daily said in an editorial, rebutting criticism of its tough anti-virus regime that triggered historic protests late last year.
Covid Tests ‘Unreasonable’
As it now dismantles those restrictions, China has been particularly critical of decisions by countries that have imposed a requirement for a Covid test on its citizens, saying they are unreasonable.
Japan became the latest country to mandate pre-departure Covid testing for travellers from China, following similar measures by the US, Britain, South Korea and others.
Health officials from the 27-member European Union are due to meet on Wednesday to discuss a coordinated response to China travel. Most European Union countries favour pre-departure Covid testing for visitors from China.
China, which has been largely shut off from the world since the pandemic began in late 2019, will stop requiring inbound travellers to quarantine from Sunday (January 8). But it will still demand that arriving passengers get tested before they begin their journeys.
Doubt on Data
Meanwhile, World Health Organization officials met Chinese scientists on Tuesday amid concern over the accuracy of China’s data on the spread and evolution of its outbreak.
The UN agency had invited the scientists to present detailed data on viral sequencing and to share data on hospitalizations, deaths and vaccinations.
The WHO would release information about the talks later, its spokesperson said, after saying earlier that the agency expected a “detailed discussion” about variants circulating in China, and globally.
Last month, it was reported that the WHO had not received data from China on new Covid hospitalisations since Beijing’s policy shift, prompting some health experts to question whether it might be concealing the extent of its outbreak.
China reported five new Covid deaths for Tuesday, compared with three a day earlier, bringing the official death toll to 5,258, very low by global standards.
But the toll is widely believed to be much higher. British-based health data firm Airfinity has said about 9,000 people in China are probably dying each day from Covid.
There were chaotic scenes at Shanghai’s Zhongshan hospital where patients, many of them elderly, jostled for space on Tuesday in packed halls between makeshift beds where people used oxygen ventilators and got intravenous drips.
With Covid disruptions slowing China’s $17 trillion economy to its lowest growth in nearly half a century, investors are now hoping policymakers will intervene to counter the slide.
China’s yuan hovered at a four-month high against the dollar on Wednesday, after its finance minister pledged to step up fiscal expansion this year, days after the central bank said it would implement more policy support for the economy.
Despite some countries imposing restrictions on Chinese visitors, interest in outbound travel from the world’s most populous country is cranking up, state media reported.
Bookings for international flights from China have risen by 145% year-on-year in recent days, the government-run China Daily newspaper reported, citing data from travel platform Trip.com.
The number of international flights to and from China is still a fraction of pre-Covid levels. The government has said it will increase flights and make it easier for people to travel abroad.
Thailand, a major destination for Chinese tourists, is expecting at least five million Chinese arrivals this year, its tourism authority said on Tuesday.
More than 11 million Chinese tourists visited Thailand in 2019, nearly a third of its total visitors.
But there are already signs that an increase in travel from China could pose problems abroad. South Korea, which began testing travellers from China for Covid on Monday, said more than a fifth of the test results were positive.
And health authorities in Thailand have similar fears that the country could be hit by a new wave of infections.
Korean authorities there were hunting on Wednesday for one Chinese national who tested positive but went missing while awaiting quarantine. The person, who was not identified, could face up to a year in prison or fines of 10 million won ($7,840).
- Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard