Type to search

Delta Variant Slowing Economic Growth In East Asia, Pacific: World Bank

Region’s GDP outlook downgraded by 2pps. Myanmar worst affected, as new strain exacerbates damage done to economy by military coup and protests that followed

Labourers at a construction site in Shanghai, China. Picture taken July 12, 2021. REUTERS/Aly Song


The East Asia and Pacific region’s recovery has been undermined by the spread of the Covid-19 Delta variant, which is likely slowing economic growth and increasing inequality in the region, the World Bank said on Monday.

Economic activity began to slow in the second quarter of 2021, and growth forecasts have been downgraded for most countries in the region, according to the World Bank’s East Asia and Pacific Fall 2021 Economic Update.

While China’s economy is projected to expand 8.5%, the rest of the region is forecast to grow at 2.5%, nearly two percentage points less than forecast in April, the World Bank said.

“The economic recovery of developing East Asia and Pacific faces a reversal of fortune,” said Manuela Ferro, World Bank Vice President for East Asia and Pacific.

“Whereas in 2020 the region contained Covid-19 while other regions of the world struggled, the rise in cases in 2021 has decreased growth prospects for 2021.”


Myanmar Coup

The economies of several Pacific island countries and Myanmar have been hit the hardest, with Myanmar expected to contract by 18% while the Pacific island countries as a group are anticipated to shrink 2.9%, the World Bank said.

Myanmar will see the biggest contraction in employment in the region and the number of poor people in the country will rise, it added.

“There is no doubt the military takeover [in Myanmar] has led to a disruption of economic activity combined with the civil disobedience movement, which means fewer people are going to work,” said World Bank East Asia and Pacific Chief Economist Aaditya Mattoo.

The report estimates most countries in the region, including Indonesia and the Philippines, can vaccinate more than 60% of their populations by the first half of 2022. While that would not eliminate coronavirus infections, it would significantly reduce mortality, allowing a resumption of economic activity.


Vaccination Optimism

The damage done by the resurgence and persistence of Covid-19 is likely to hurt growth and increase inequality over the longer-term, the World Bank said.

“Accelerated vaccination and testing to control Covid-19 infections could revive economic activity in struggling countries as early as the first half of 2022, and double their growth rate next year,” Mattoo said.

“But in the longer term, only deeper reforms can prevent slower growth and increasing inequality, an impoverishing combination the region has not seen this century.”

The World Bank said the region will need to make a serious effort on four fronts to deal with the rise in coronavirus – addressing vaccine hesitancy and limitations to distribution capacity; enhancing testing and tracing; increasing regional production of vaccines and strengthening local health systems.


• Reuters with additional editing by Mark McCord


Also on AF

China’s Services Activity Slumps After Delta Lockdowns

Delta Blow Knocks Wind Out Of Asia’s Economic Recovery


Mark McCord

Mark McCord is a financial journalist with more than three decades experience writing and editing at global news wires including Bloomberg and AFP, as well as daily newspapers in Hong Kong, Sydney and Melbourne. He has covered some of the biggest breaking news events in recent years including the Enron scandal, the New York terrorist attacks and the Iraq War. He is based in the UK. You can tweet to Mark at @MarkMcC64371550.


AF China Bond