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Employment Anxiety High in China, Despite Return of Job Fairs

A survey by a China recruitment firm has revealed heightened anxiety over jobs, but the services sector is expected to reduce the high rate of youth unemployment

Employment anxiety is widespread despite the return of job fairs in China.
A man explains job offers at a work fair in Beijing. Reuters photo.


Employers are staging job fairs in China again after three years of tough Covid restrictions that forced them online.

But with less offerings and subdued wages, the atmosphere has highlighted the country’s currently uneven economic recovery.

Authorities announced hundreds of such events across the country this month, in a bid to ease youth unemployment, which has been a major headache for Beijing, from its near 20% peak.

In a country of 1.4 billion people, job fairs are one of the most efficient ways for employers and workers to connect. Although attendees said their long-awaited return is encouraging, some were not brimming with confidence.

“I only pray for a stable job, and do not have high salary expectations,” said Liu Liangliang, 24, who was looking for a job in a hotel or property management company at a fair in Beijing on Thursday, one of more than 40 held in the capital in February. “The Covid outbreak has hurt many people. There will be more job seekers battling for offers this year.”



Widespread employment anxiety

Employment anxiety is widespread. A survey of about 50,000 white-collar workers published on Thursday by Zhaopin, one of China’s biggest recruiting firms, showed 47% of respondents were worried they may lose their jobs this year, up from close to 40% a year ago.

About 60% cited the “uncertain economic environment” as the main factor affecting their confidence, up from 48.4% in 2022.

Job confidence of those working in consumer-facing sectors, which are recovering faster from a low base, was higher than in sectors such as manufacturing, affected by weakening external demand, or property, which has only just started to show tentative signs of stabilising, the survey showed.

A human resources manager at Beijing Xiahang Jianianhua Hotel, who only gave his surname Zhang, said his company had three times more job openings compared with last year, as Chinese resumed travelling.

By contrast, Jin Chaofeng, whose company exports outdoor rattan furniture, said he has no plans to add to his payroll as orders from abroad are slowing.

“People in my industry are waiting and seeing, prudently,” he said, adding that he plans to cut production by 20%-30% in March from a year earlier.


Services sector scrambling for staff

Frederic Neumann, chief Asia economist at HSBC, expects the service and manufacturing sectors to run at vastly different speeds this year, but said overall employment in China should grow.

“Restaurants, hotels, and entertainment venues are now scrambling to hire staff. This is especially helpful for younger workers,” Neumann said. “The youth unemployment rate should start to fall in the coming months.”

China’s economy grew 3% last year, in one of its weakest performances in nearly half a century. Policymakers are expected to aim for growth of about 5%, which would still be below the blistering pre-pandemic pace.

That’s partly because the pain caused by stringent Covid rules persists.

At another job fair in the capital, Wei, a former cleaner looking for similar work, said she and her unemployed husband are struggling with credit card debt.

Wei, who has a child in primary school and did not want to give her full name, citing personal privacy, quit her previous job last year after her employer wanted to cut her wages to 3,200 yuan ($465.34) per month from 3,500 yuan despite demanding she work late hours to conduct Covid-related disinfection.

“We owe the banks hundreds of thousands yuan,” she said. “We are overwhelmingly anxious.”


  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard





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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years.


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