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Rio Tinto Says Mongolia Mine Can’t Halt All Russian Imports

Top executive says it’s important to maintain healthy, peaceful, balanced relationships with big, powerful neighbours.

Rio Tinto has warned that iron ore shipments will come in at the lower end of its guidance, after third-quarter ore deliveries fell amid weak demand in China and the rest of the world.
Iron ore prices are nearly their lowest in three or four years, while China and Europe cut steel output because of growing supply. Photo: Reuters.


Rio Tinto is working to maintain steady supplies of fuel and other goods for its Mongolian copper operations but said it can’t stop buying from Russia altogether, a top executive at the mining giant said.

The Anglo-Australian company is developing Mongolia’s Oyu Tolgoi, one of the world’s largest known copper and gold deposits. Rio controls about two-thirds of the project, with Ulanbaatar controlling the rest.

While Rio has begin looking for alternative fuel sources for Oyu Tolgoi, the company does not believe it can stop buying from Russia altogether, Bold Baatar, head of Rio’s copper business, said.

Rio has supply agreements for a host of products with Mongolian suppliers, many of whom procure materials from Russia.

“The reality is, Mongolia has two very big powerful neighbours, so it’s quite important for us to maintain healthy, peaceful, balanced relationships,” Baatar said of his home country.

Mongolia is bordered on the north by Russia and on the south and east by China, leaving Rio few options to secure supplies for the project, which is set to be the world’s third-largest copper mine.

Amid Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, multiple companies and countries have announced they will stop business in Russia and buying Russian products.

Baatar said it would be “very difficult” for Rio’s Mongolian operations to stop all imports from Russia, adding that some supplies come through Russia via Kazakhstan.

“That kind of supply is fine unless the world wants to completely shut the Russian borders, which is not possible,” he said.


Long-Running Feud Ended

Rio in January ended a long-running feud with Mongolia’s government over control of Oyu Tolgoi. The deal marked a positive development for the company, which is facing major pushback for projects in Serbia, the United States and Guinea.

Baatar appeared on a copper panel at the conference alongside Richard Adkerson, chief executive of Freeport-McMoRan, and Trafigura’s Julien Rolland.

Baatar told the panel that it was “pretty imperative” for the US to develop more copper mines to supply copper needed for electric vehicles and renewable energy technologies.

Rio is trying to develop the Resolution Copper project in Arizona, but has faced Native American opposition.

Mining companies “should respect the wishes of communities, and many communities don’t want to see mining”, Baatar said.

When asked what that meant for the Arizona project, Baatar said he believes an agreement can be reached with local Native Americans.

“I completely respect their views of the project and I’m really hopeful we can find a mutual, common solution,” he said.


  • Reuters, with additional editing by George Russell




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George Russell

George Russell is a freelance writer and editor based in Hong Kong who has lived in Asia since 1996. His work has been published in the Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, New York Post, Variety, Forbes and the South China Morning Post.


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