Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa fled to the Maldives and protesters stormed the prime minister’s office amid chaotic scenes triggered by an economic crisis in the island nation.
Rajapaksa called the speaker of parliament to say he would resign later in the day and that his ally, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, should be interim president – a demand that reportedly angered citizens struggling with months-long shortages of food, fuel and power.
The president’s flight brought an end to the rule of the powerful Rajapaksa clan that has dominated politics in the South Asian country for the last two decades.
Wickremesinghe’s office declared a state of emergency and a curfew with immediate effect, but then cancelled them. His office said the moves would be announced again later.
“Protesters have no reason to storm the prime minister’s office,” Wickremesinghe said in a statement. “They want to stop the parliamentary process. But we must respect the Constitution. So security forces have advised me to impose an emergency and a curfew. I’m working to do that.”
Protests Simmering For Months
Police stationed outside the prime minister’s office fired several rounds of tear gas and a military helicopter briefly circled overhead, but protesters appeared undeterred and finally surged into the compound. Wickremesinghe’s team declined to reveal his whereabouts.
“It feels pretty marvellous, people were trying to take this place for about three hours,” said college student Sanchuka Kavinda, 25, standing next to a mangled, open gate of the prime minister’s office. “No matter what, everyone in this crowd will be here until Ranil also steps down.”
In a video statement, the parliament speaker, Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena, said: “The president got in touch with me over the phone and said that he will ensure that his resignation letter will be received by me today.”
“I appeal to the public to have confidence in the parliamentary process we have outlined to appoint a new president on the 20th and be peaceful.”
State-run TV station Rupavahini briefly suspended transmission after protesters entered the premises. A second government-run TV station, Independent Television Network, also stopped their broadcast, though the cause was not immediately clear.
Protests against the economic crisis have simmered for months and came to a head last weekend when hundreds of thousands of people took over key government buildings in Colombo, blaming the Rajapaksas and their allies for runaway inflation, corruption and a severe lack of fuel and medicines.
Government sources and aides said the president’s brothers, former president and prime minister Mahinda Rajapaksa and former finance minister Basil Rajapaksa, were still in Sri Lanka.
Gotabaya Rajapaksa, his wife and two bodyguards left the main international airport near Colombo aboard a Sri Lankan Air Force plane early on Wednesday, the air force said in a statement.
A government source and a person close to Rajapaksa said he was in Male, the capital of the Maldives. The president would most likely proceed to another Asian country from there, the government source said.
Wickremesinghe, whose private residence in Colombo was set ablaze on Saturday, had offered to resign as prime minister but did not repeat that offer after he became acting president on Wednesday. If he does go, the speaker would be acting president until a new president is elected on July 20 as scheduled.
Protest leaders say the prime minister is allied to the Rajapaksas and have warned of a “decisive fight” if he does not resign.
“We are strongly against the Gota-Ranil government. Both have to go,” said Buddhi Prabodha Karunaratne, one of the organisers of recent protests.
Victim of the Pandemic
Amid the economic and political chaos, Sri Lanka‘s sovereign bond prices hit fresh record lows on Wednesday.
The US Embassy in Colombo, which is in the central district of the city, said it was cancelling consular services for the afternoon and for Thursday as a precautionary measure.
The island nation’s tourism-dependent economy was hammered first by the Covid-19 pandemic and then suffered from a fall in remittances from overseas Sri Lankans. A ban on chemical fertilisers hit output although the ban was later reversed.
The Rajapaksas implemented populist tax cuts in 2019 that affected government finances while shrinking foreign reserves curtailed imports of fuel, food and medicines.
Petrol has been severely rationed and long lines have formed in front of shops selling cooking gas. Headline inflation hit 54.6% last month and the central bank has warned that it could rise to 70% in coming months.
Mahinda Rajapaksa resigned as prime minister in May after protests against the family turned violent. He remained in hiding at a military base in the east of the country for some days before returning to Colombo.
On Tuesday, Sri Lankan immigration officials prevented Basil Rajapaksa, who quit in April as finance minister and resigned his parliament seat in June, from flying out of the country.
Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa fled the country with his wife and two bodyguards about a Sri Lankan Air Force plane, days after thousands of protesters stormed his official residence.
The Sri Lankan stock market was closed on Wednesday for a holiday.
- Reuters, with additional editing by George Russell and Jim Pollard
NOTE: This report was updated with new details and the headline changed on July 13, 2022.