The World Bank cut its growth forecast for East Asia and the Pacific for 2022 to reflect the economic impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, warning the region could lose further momentum if conditions worsen.
The Washington-based lender said in a report on Tuesday it expected 2022 growth in the developing East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region, which includes China, to expand 5.0%, down from its 5.4% forecast in October.
But growth could slow to 4.0% if conditions worsened and government policy responses were weaker, World Bank said.
China’s economy is expected to grow 5.0% this year, down from a previous estimate of 5.4%, it said, noting its government’s capacity to provide stimulus to offset adverse shocks.
‘Triad of Shocks’
“The region confronts a triad of shocks which threaten to undermine its growth momentum,” the World Bank’s chief economist for East Asia and the Pacific Aaditya Mattoo said.
The war between Russia and Ukraine was the “most serious risk” to the region’s growth outlook, Mattoo said, as it is leading to food and fuel price increases, financial volatility and reduced confidence all over the world.
Mattoo said Russia’s invasion of Ukraine was more worrying given that the region was still contending with the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, a structural slowdown in China and faster inflation that could prompt quicker US monetary tightening.
The war’s impact on economies in East Asia and the Pacific would vary depending on their exposure and resilience, Mattoo said. Excluding China, output in the rest of the region is projected to expand 4.8% this year.
“Just as the economies of East Asia and the Pacific were recovering from the pandemic-induced shock, the war in Ukraine is weighing on growth momentum,” World Bank vice-president for East Asia and Pacific, Manuela Ferro, said in a statement.
“The region’s largely strong fundamentals and sound policies should help it weather these storms.”
- Reuters with additional editing by Sean OMeara