Chinese companies are experiencing a logjam waiting for regulatory approval for overseas share offerings after scrutiny of their plans intensified under new listing rules, frustrating issuers and bankers.
Since the launch of the overhauled listing regime on March 31, not a single Chinese firm has gone through the process and successfully listed in their favoured destinations of Hong Kong or the US, publicly available data showed.
The trend underscores mounting challenges for Chinese firms looking to raise capital offshore even as an unprecedented regulatory crackdown on private enterprises over the last three years has ebbed and Beijing is looking to shore up its economy.
China’s long-awaited rules for offshore stock exchange listings form part of a regulatory tightening on cross-border listings after years of a laissez-faire approach.
The Chinese securities regulator has accepted offshore listing filings from 14 companies as of June 15, and is awaiting additional documents from 38 other firms for their filings to be accepted, public disclosures showed.
Out of the 52 planned listings, as many as 43 are for Hong Kong and nine are for the US.
Only two firms – self-driving technology firm iMotion Automotive Technology (Suzhou) and food company Shiyue Daotian Group – have successfully completed their listing filings with the securities regulator to float shares in Hong Kong, showed the disclosures. The two are, however, yet to go public.
Under the new regime, the waiting time for approval from the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) for offshore listings has increased to at least six months from the earlier two to three months, said a Hong Kong-based capital markets lawyer.
Only companies from selective industries are able to win the CSRC’s approval to list offshore, said the lawyer, declining to be named as he was not authorised to speak to the media.
The CSRC did not respond to a request for comment.
Among those awaiting CSRC’s green light are JD.com’s property and industrial units, which the online retailer planned to float in Hong Kong as soon as possible in what could be a $1 billion deal each, people with knowledge of the two IPOs said.
JD.com Listing Delay
JD.com was hoping to list at least one of the units by mid-year, said one of the people. The earliest the IPOs can happen now is the third quarter, given the pending approvals, the sources said.
CSRC disclosures showed the listing filings of the two units are pending “additional materials”.
The new listing regime requires CSRC to respond within 20 working days upon accepting an issuer’s listing filing. If the regulator deems the filing incomplete, it can ask an issuer to submit additional documents within five days of receiving the filing, and an issuer will need to respond within 30 days.
Submitting additional materials can be time-consuming and thus delay the listing process, said bankers and lawyers.
A banker said the approval process has become a “blackbox”, as the CSRC also needs comments from other industry supervisory bodies before making a decision, and in most cases it’s not clear which part of the process the application gets stuck in.
On Tuesday, Asia’s largest financial lobby group told Reuters the new rules have left bankers and lawyers who work on listings unsure how to take on liabilities and avoid breaching tightened confidentiality rules.
- Reuters with additional editing by Sean O’Meara