China has accounted for the biggest share of global green financing, aimed at environmentally friendly projects around the world, which has grown over 100 times in the past decade.
Global borrowing by issuing green bonds and loans, and equity funding through initial public offerings targeting green projects, swelled to $540.6 billion in 2021 from $5.2 billion in 2012, according to the research.
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The jump in issuance underscores the growing push from governments and corporations to try to rein in carbon emissions and achieve climate goals.
The data showed green bonds accounted for 93.1% of total green finance globally between 2012 and 2021.
In 2021, global green bond issuance stood at $511.5 billion, compared with $2.3 billion in 2012.
China and the US were followed by France and Germany, with about 10% each of the issuance of green bonds during the period.
The share of green finance in the total finance market was about 4% in 2021, compared with around 0.1% in 2012.
The number of publicly traded companies involved in green activities grew from 401 companies in 2012 to 669 in 2021, the data showed.
- Reuters, with additional editing by George Russell