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China’s Trade With Russia Slows But Still Up on 2021

Analysts say they have yet to see a major indication China is violating Western sanctions on Russia. Overall trade with Russia rose to $38.2bn in January-March, a Chinese customs spokesman said

Flags of China and Russia.
The flags of China and Russia. Photo: Reuters.


China‘s overall trade with Russia rose over 12% in March from a year earlier, slowing from February but still outpacing the growth in China‘s total imports and exports.

Shipments to and from Russia increased 12.76% in March to $11.67 billion, Chinese customs data showed on Wednesday, slowing from 25.7% growth in February, when Russia launched its invasion.

Still, the growth in March was faster than the 7.75% increase in China‘s trade with all countries and regions to $504.79 billion that month.

Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24 in a move that Moscow described as a “special military operation” designed to demilitarise its southern neighbour.

Beijing has refused to call Russia‘s action an invasion and has repeatedly criticised what it says are illegal Western sanctions to punish Moscow.

Several weeks before the attack on Ukraine, China and Russia declared a “no-limits” strategic partnership. Last year, total trade between China and Russia jumped 35.8% to a record $146.9 billion.

As sanctions against Russia mount, China could offset some of its neighbour’s pain by buying more. But analysts say they have yet to see any major indication China is violating Western sanctions on Russia.

China‘s economic and trade cooperation with other countries including Russia and Ukraine remains normal, customs spokesman Li Kuiwen said at a news conference.

In the first quarter, China‘s trade with Russia jumped 30.45% from a year earlier, within the range of gains seen in previous quarterly increases.

Russia is a major source of oil, gas, coal and agricultural commodities for China.

Russia‘s economy is on course to contract by more than 10% in 2022, former finance minister Alexei Kudrin said on Tuesday, hit by soaring inflation and capital flight.

The World Trade Organization (WTO) on Tuesday revised down its forecast for global trade growth this year because of the impact of the Russia-Ukraine war.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Sean OMeara

Note: This report was updated with new information on April 13, 2022.




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Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.


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