Elon Musk and artificial intelligence experts are calling for a six-month pause in training of systems more powerful than GPT-4.
They and industry bosses have urged a delay in an open letter that warns of potential risks to society and humanity.
The letter, issued by the non-profit Future of Life Institute and signed by more than 1,000 people including Musk, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak and Stability AI CEO Emad Mostaque.
It called for a pause on advanced AI development until shared safety protocols for such designs are developed, implemented and audited by independent experts.
“Powerful AI systems should be developed only once we are confident that their effects will be positive and their risks will be manageable,” the letter said.
The letter also detailed potential risks to society and civilization by human-competitive AI systems in the form of economic and political disruptions, and called on developers to work with policymakers on governance and regulatory authorities.
The Future of Life Institute focuses on four major risks – artificial intelligence, biotechnology, nuclear weapons and climate change.
“We believe that the way powerful technology is developed and used will be the most important factor in determining the prospects for the future of life. This is why we have made it our mission to ensure that technology continues to improve those prospects,” the Institute says on its website.
The letter comes as EU police force Europol on Monday joined a chorus of ethical and legal concerns over advanced AI like ChatGPT, warning about the potential misuse of the system in phishing attempts, disinformation and cybercrime.
Since its release last year, Microsoft-backed OpenAI’s ChatGPT has set off a tech craze, prompting rivals to launch similar products and companies to integrate it or similar technologies into their apps and products.
“As the capabilities of LLMs (large language models) such as ChatGPT are actively being improved, the potential exploitation of these types of AI systems by criminals provide a grim outlook,” Europol said as it presented its first tech report starting with the chatbot.
It singled out the harmful use of ChatGPT in three areas of crime.
“ChatGPT’s ability to draft highly realistic text makes it a useful tool for phishing purposes,” Europol said.
With its ability to reproduce language patterns to impersonate the style of speech of specific individuals or groups, the chatbot could be used by criminals to target victims, the EU enforcement agency said.
It said ChatGPT’s ability to churn out authentic sounding text at speed and scale also also makes it an ideal tool for propaganda and disinformation.
“It allows users to generate and spread messages reflecting a specific narrative with relatively little effort.”
Criminals with little technical knowledge could also turn to ChatGPT to produce malicious code, Europol said.
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