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US Lawmakers Vote To Tighten Curbs On Huawei, ZTE

The Secure Equipment Act seeks to block Chinese telecom and tech firms from getting US licences. It was approved by the US Senate on Thursday.


HarmonyOS
The Huawei move will mark an official global debut of HarmonyOS, which has only been promoted in the Chinese market so far. Photo: Reuters.

 

The US Senate voted unanimously on Thursday to approve legislation to prevent companies such as Huawei Technologies or ZTE Corp that are deemed security threats from receiving new equipment licences from US regulators.

The Secure Equipment Act, the latest effort by the US government to crack down on Chinese telecom and tech companies, was approved last week by the US House on a 420-4 vote, and now goes to President Joe Biden for his signature.

“Chinese state-directed companies like Huawei and ZTE are known national security threats and have no place in our telecommunications network,” Republican Senator Marco Rubio said.

The measure would prohibit the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from reviewing or issuing new equipment licences to companies on the FCC’s “Covered Equipment or Services List.”

 

Five Firms Seen as a Threat

In March, the FCC designated five Chinese companies as posing a threat to national security under a 2019 law aimed at protecting US communications networks.

The companies included the previously designated Huawei and ZTE, as well as Hytera Communications, Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology and Zhejiang Dahua Technology.

In June the FCC voted unanimously to advance a plan to ban approvals for equipment in US telecom networks from those Chinese companies even as lawmakers pursued legislation to mandate it.

The FCC vote in June drew opposition from Beijing.

“The United States, without any evidence, still abuses national security and state power to suppress Chinese companies,” Zhao Lijian, a spokesperson at China’s foreign ministry, said shortly after.

 

FCC Revision

Under proposed rules that won initial approval in June, the FCC could also revoke prior equipment authorizations issued to Chinese companies.

A spokesperson for Huawei, which has repeatedly denied it is controlled by the Chinese government, declined to comment on Thursday, but in June called the proposed FCC revision “misguided and unnecessarily punitive.”

FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr said it had approved more than 3,000 applications from Huawei since 2018. Carr said on Thursday the bill “will help to ensure that insecure gear from companies like Huawei and ZTE can no longer be inserted into America’s communications networks.”

On Tuesday, the FCC voted to revoke the authorization for China Telecom’s US subsidiary to operate in the United States, citing national security concerns.

 

  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard

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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years and has a family in Bangkok.

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