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Xi Third Term Will See Taiwan Tensions Rise, Warns Taipei

The head of Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council said Xi will consolidate his power at the party congress – and that will spell trouble for the island nation

The Chinese and Taiwanese flags are displayed alongside a military plane. Photo: Reuters
The Chinese and Taiwanese flags are displayed alongside a military plane. Photo: Reuters


Taiwan says it expects China to ratchet up its threats over its claim to the island after President Xi Jinping confirms a third term in office, a senior Taiwanese minister warned.

Beijing’s once-in-five years leadership reshuffle is set for the Communist Party congress that starts on October 16, where Xi is poised to break with precedent and secure a third leadership term.

China sees democratically governed Taiwan as its own territory and has ramped up military and political pressure to assert its sovereignty claims, including staging war games near the island in August after US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taipei.


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Speaking to lawmakers, Chiu Tai-san, the head of Taiwan’s China-policy making Mainland Affairs Council, said Xi will further consolidate his power at the party congress – and that will mean tensions will rise again.

“Following that, the strength of the Chinese Communist Party will gradually expand, along with the continuous emphasis on promoting the reunification process in its development strategy,” Chiu said.

“We believe that the Beijing authorities’ work on Taiwan has entered the stage of strengthening the practice of the so-called ‘anti-independence and promoting reunification’,” he added

China will do this by using “coercion and intimidation”, “grey zone” activities and international law to “interfere with and hinder Taiwan’s interaction and cooperation with the international community to achieve its goals towards Taiwan”, Chiu said.

Speaking at a parallel session in parliament, Taiwan’s National Security Bureau Director-General Chen Ming-tong said Xi was using Taiwan as a way to stay in power.

“It has been his position that the Taiwan issue can’t be passed onto the next generations anymore, so he’s using the Taiwan issue as an excuse to extend his term,” Chen said.

“As a result he can’t just do nothing about Taiwan. However, if he settles the Taiwan issue then he has no excuse for another term.”


Taiwan ‘Must Make Preparations’

As a result, Chen said, Taiwan must make preparations to make China “pay a great price” for attacking the island, including consequences for its economy and foreign relations.

China has never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control, but has also pledged to work for peaceful “reunification” with Taiwan under a “one country, two systems” model.

All mainstream Taiwanese political parties have rejected that proposal and it has almost no public support, according to opinion polls.

China’s Taiwan Affairs Office did not answer calls seeking comment. The country is in the middle of a weeklong national holiday.

China refuses to speak to Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen, re-elected by a landslide in 2020 on a promise to stand up to Beijing, believing she is a separatist. Tsai has repeatedly offered talks based on parity and mutual respect.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Sean O’Meara


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Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.


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