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Australia Bids to Boost Pacific Defence Links, Counter China

The United States and allies including Australia have been alarmed at China’s growing influence in the strategically important region


Island nations say big polluting countries such as China and India must help pay for the damage caused by climate change.
"We all know that the People's Republic of China, India – they're major polluters, and the polluter must pay," Antigua PM Gaston Browne said. Photo: Reuters.

 

Australia is to meet with Pacific island nation defence ministers as Canberra pushes back against China’s bid for influence in the region.

South Pacific defence ministers will meet in Tonga on Tuesday, with Australia seeking a closer military relationship with the only three island nations that have defence forces.

Australia’s defence minister Richard Marles was due to arrive in Tonga on Monday ahead of the South Pacific Defence Ministers Meeting this week, held annually to discuss regional security challenges.

Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Tonga are members, as are New Zealand, France, Australia and Chile.

 

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Last week Marles said Australia was negotiating a defence treaty with Papua New Guinea that would see the two nation’s navies and armies work alongside each other more often, and Canberra also wanted to “evolve our relationships” with other Pacific islands.

In a statement on Monday, Marles said the region was facing more threats to shared security.

“The Pacific family is stronger when we respond together, by enhancing coordination, sharing information and improving interoperability between our countries and our defence forces,” he said.

Responding to the news, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin told reporters at a regular briefing in Beijing: “We hope that the military cooperation of the countries concerned will contribute to the stability of regional peace and will not be directed against third parties.”

The United States and allies including Australia have been alarmed at China’s growing influence in the strategically important region after Beijing struck a security pact with the Solomon Islands in April and sought a wider trade and security pact with 10 nations in May.

 

Solomons Islands-China Agreement

Although the Solomon Islands does not have a military, a leaked draft of the agreement showed it would allow Chinese naval vessels to replenish there.

China has been a significant donor of equipment to Fiji and Papua New Guinea’s militaries, while Tonga, with heavy debts to Chinese banks, has received some Chinese military funding.

Marles will also travel to Fiji for defence talks and visit the Blackrock military camp, funded by Australia as a regional disaster relief centre, his statement said.

In January, Tonga was hit by a volcanic eruption and tsunami that saw Australia and New Zealand coordinate a humanitarian response from defence forces that included those of Japan, France and Britain. China also deployed navy vessels to provide humanitarian assistance.

Papua New Guinea said this month it would sign an agreement with the United States to put its military officers on US coast guard and navy ships to patrol for illegal fishing, local media reported. 

 

  • Reuters with additional editing by Sean O’Meara

 

Read more:

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Biden Vows to Help Pacific Islands Fight Climate Change

Solomons Says it Won’t be Signing US-Pacific Declaration

 

 

Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.

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