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China Warns Unlicensed Online Brokerages They Are Illegal

Brokerages not licensed in China are illegal if they serve mainland clients via the internet, PBOC warns. This is a risk that firms such as US-listed Futu Holding and UP Fintech Holding face.

China Regulators Scramble to Ease Investor Fears Over Crackdown
China's central bank has warned that online brokerages without a national license are breaking the law. File photo by Aly Song, Reuters.


Online brokerages not licensed in China are conducting illegal businesses if they serve Chinese clients via the internet, a Chinese central banker said, in the first official comment on recent reports flagging regulatory risks facing firms such as US-listed Futu Holding and UP Fintech Holding.

“Cross-border online brokerages are driving in China without a driver’s license. They’re conducting illegal financial activities,” Sun Tianqi, head of the Financial Stability Department of the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) said in a speech, according to a transcript released on Wednesday.

Futu and UP Fintech face regulatory risks as China’s new personal data privacy law takes effect on November 1, the official People’s Daily said in an analysis on its website on October 14.

Nasdaq-listed shares of Futu and Fintech have since plunged, amid concern that the sector will be next in Beijing’s regulatory crosshairs. China has launched a flurry of crackdowns targeting sectors ranging from technology to cryptocurrency to property.

Speaking at the Bund Summit in Shanghai over the weekend, PBOC’s Sun said that some online brokerages, with only overseas licences, serve mainly mainland Chinese investors, allowing them to trade US and Hong Kong stocks.


Financial Licences, National Boundaries

Without identifying the firms, Sun said that 80% of accounts of a brokerage registered in the Cayman Islands were opened by mainland clients, while the ratio is 55% for another Hong Kong-registered brokerage.

“Financial licences have national boundaries,” Sun said.

“Overseas institutions with only overseas licences conducting business in mainland China is illegal financial activity.”

The transcript of Sun’s speech was released on the website of the Finance 40 Forum, which organised the summit.

Futu said in its 2020 annual report that it primarily serves the emerging affluent Chinese population and a large number of its clients are mainland Chinese citizens.

Futu said it does not believe it engages in securities brokerage business in China by redirecting users and clients to open accounts and make transactions outside China but said there were regulatory risks.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard



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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years and has a family in Bangkok.


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