Type to search

Ford Faces US Probe Over Battery Fab Tie-Up With China’s CATL

Republican politicians say the Michigan factory deal with the world’s largest battery maker puts Ford in a vulnerable position

People stand near a logo of Ford at the Auto Shanghai show, in Shanghai, China April 18, 2023. REUTERS/Aly Song
People stand near a logo of Ford at the Auto Shanghai show, in Shanghai, China, on April 18, 2023. Photo: Reuters


Washington lawmakers have challenged US motor giant Ford over its tie-up with Chinese battery company CATL, claiming they are exposing themselves to “the whims of the Chinese Communist Party and its politics”.

Ford announced in February it is spending $3.5 billion to build a battery plant in Michigan using technology from CATL, the world’s largest battery maker.

But Jason Smith and Mike Gallagher, Republican chairs of the House Ways and Means Committee and the Select Committee on China, have in a joint letter demanded that Ford answer questions about the deal.

They warned that if the company remains reliant on China for inputs to produce electric vehicle batteries, the company will be vulnerable to the Chinese Communist Party.


Also on AF: Japan Joins Chip Curbs on China, Despite Unease in Tokyo


Ford said on Friday it is reviewing the letter and will respond. Ford said it “will own and run this plant in the United States, instead of building a battery plant elsewhere or exclusively importing LFP [lithium iron phosphate] batteries from China like our competitors do.”

The committees said several hundred of the 2,500 Ford plant jobs will be filled by CATL employees from China who will be in charge of setting up and maintaining equipment.

The letter said public disclosures and media reporting suggest that shortly following the Ford and CATL partnership announcement, “CATL took steps to maintain effective control while appearing to divest its ownership stake” in companies based in Xinjiang that allegedly are connected to forced labour practices.

Human rights groups accuse Beijing of abuses against Xinjiang’s Uyghur inhabitants, including the mass use of forced labour in internment camps. China denies the allegations.


Biden Urged to Investigate

In 2022, Congress passed the $430 billion Inflation Reduction Act that will in the future bar EV tax credits if any EV battery components were manufactured or assembled by a “foreign entity of concern.”

Ford still is awaiting guidance from the US Treasury to ensure the partnership does not run afoul of the requirement.

“We are concerned that the deal could simply facilitate the partial onshoring of PRC-controlled battery technology, raw materials, and employees while collecting tax credits and flowing funds back to CATL through the licensing agreement,” the House letter said.

Republican Senator Marcio Rubio has urged the Biden administration to investigate the deal and introduced legislation that seeks to bar consumer tax credits for EVs produced using CATL technology.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Sean O’Meara


Read more:

US Can’t Yet Compete With China on EVs, Ford Chairman Says

CATL Says It’s Made Cold Weather EV Battery Breakthrough

Ford CEO Admits US Auto Giant Needs New China Strategy

China’s Xi Admits Mixed Feelings on CATL’s EV Battery Success

US Senator Wants Review of Ford Deal With China’s CATL




Sean O'Meara

Sean O'Meara is an Editor at Asia Financial. He has been a newspaper man for more than 30 years, working at local, regional and national titles in the UK as a writer, sub-editor, page designer and print editor. A football, cricket and rugby fan, he has a particular interest in sports finance.


AF China Bond