A coronavirus-related delay by resource-rich Western Australia in reopening its borders could worsen labour supply issues and have an impact on mining production, top miners have warned.
The state, Australia’s largest, is home to mines that provide about 30% of the world’s iron ore and 70% of China’s imports.
Last month it cancelled plans to reopen its borders on February 5, citing health risks from the Omicron coronavirus variant. It has not set a new date to ease those curbs.
The state has been closed off to the rest of the country for about two years, taking advantage of its natural isolation to keep cases low.
The strategy has helped keep Covid-19 cases to just 1,900, with nine deaths, in contrast to about 2.8 million cases and 4,300 deaths across Australia as a whole.
The recent rapid spread of Omicron prompted the state government to delay its reopening plans “indefinitely.”
Tight Labour Market
“It is a really tight labour market and we expect the first half (of 2022) to be particularly challenging,” Simon Trott, chief executive of Rio Tinto‘s iron ore division, said in an email last week.
“We have a number of mechanisms in place to address this, including relocating roles to Western Australia and it’s an area we’ll continue to focus on,” he said.
Rival BHP Group said last month before the reopening was delayed that labour shortages had hit its quarterly production and it expected an impact from Omicron into the second half.
Meanwhile, Fortescue Metals Group Ltd, the world’s fourth biggest iron ore miner, said last month the company continued to see shortages in “key specialist skill areas” and that the border reopening delay could worsen the sector’s labour shortages.
The government has said “approved” travellers, including people with specialist skills, can enter the state provided they stay in quarantine for seven days. The state government has also mandated that mine workers have to be triple vaccinated within one month of becoming eligible.
Miners are also stepping up their testing capabilities. Rio said it has a large-scale Covid-19 testing operation at Perth Airport, which is now being extended to its offices in Perth, Western Australia’s capital. Staff will be tested at the start of each week.
BHP said travellers to their sites are required to return a negative Rapid Antigen Test. Only essential workers are permitted to travel to the sites.
The mining companies said they have been running scenario testing to prepare for situations such as a major outbreak taking out dozens of workers at a time.
Rio and BHP report quarterly results this month.
- Reuters with additional editing by Sean OMeara