US Lends $553m to Adani Colombo Port JV Amid China Rivalry


The United States will extend a $553 million loan for the development of a terminal on the Port of Colombo, in a project in which India’s Adani group holds a majority stake.

Adani is developing the West Container Terminal (WCT) with Sri Lankan conglomerate John Keells Holdings and the state-run Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) on the Port of Colombo.

The Indian conglomerate holds a 51% stake in the project, while the Sri Lankan entities hold 34% and 15% stakes, respectively.

The Colombo port also has a terminal run by China Merchants Port Holdings, the South Container Terminal, in a joint venture with the SLPA.


Also on AF: US Report Calls China ‘World’s Largest Official Debt Collector’


The financing pledge by the US International Development Finance Corporation came on the same day as China’s CHEC announced plans to invest $1.56 billion in a port city project near Colombo.

The funding marked the single biggest injection of foreign direct investment in Sri Lanka, which is battling its worst financial crisis in over seven decades.

The US and China have for years been vying for influence in the country. In 2020, Washington had urged Colombo to choose “transparent and sustainable economic development” instead of “discriminatory and opaque practises” in an apparent dig at China.

On Wednesday, DFC CEO Scott Nathan said his institution’s “commitment of $553 million in private sector loans for the West Container Terminal (WCT) will expand its shipping capacity, creating greater prosperity for Sri Lanka – without adding to sovereign debt – while at the same strengthening the position of our allies across the region.”

The US Embassy in Colombo said in a statement on X (formerly known as Twitter), the WCT will “create jobs in Sri Lanka, and support the economy.”



Battle for influence

Beijing, meanwhile, has been under fire for practicing so-called “debt-trap diplomacy”, an allegation ratcheted up after Sri Lanka leased out its southern Hambantota port to China in 2017.

The deal allowed Colombo to convert loans worth $6 billion it owed to China into equity. But the pact sparked widespread public anger in Sri Lanka and raised fears that China might use the port to dock naval vessels.

Meanwhile, India is also competing with China for influence in the island nation of 22 million, located near busy shipping routes.

New Delhi extended about $4 billion in swaps and credit lines to Sri Lanka last year, providing critical support to import fuel, medicine and fertiliser during the worst of the crisis.

Adani group has a wide spectrum of businesses from ports to edible oils. Its development of the West Container Terminal, a deepwater container facility, is the first foray by an Indian company into the sector.

Dredging for the terminal kicked off last November with the first stage to be completed in the third quarter of 2024 and the full project to be finished by the end of 2025.


  • Reuters, with additional inputs from Vishakha Saxena


Also read:


Sri Lanka Closes in on $2.9-Billion IMF Loan and China Support


China Offers Troubled Sri Lanka Relief on Debt Repayments


Sri Lanka Gives 40-Year Tax Deal to China Port City Investors


Chinese Tracking Ship Can Dock at Port, Sri Lanka Says


China Debt Trap Claims in Africa Stem From US Rivalry: Study


Sri Lanka Debt Talks to Test China-India Relationship – FT



Vishakha Saxena

Vishakha Saxena is the Multimedia and Social Media Editor at Asia Financial. She has worked as a digital journalist since 2013, and is an experienced writer and multimedia producer. As a trader and investor, she is keenly interested in new economy, emerging markets and the intersections of finance and society. You can write to her at

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