New Energy

US, Japan Raising $20bn for Indonesia’s Shift from Coal

 

A group of Western nations will raise $20 billion of public and private finance to help Indonesia shut coal power plants.

The Indonesia Just Energy Transition Partnership, which was announced by the United States, Japan and partners on Tuesday, plans to bring forward the sector’s peak emissions date by seven years to 2030.

The JETP plan, which was more than a year in the making, “is probably the single largest climate finance transaction or partnership ever”, a US Treasury official told reporters.

The move is based on last year’s $8.5 billion initiative to help South Africa more quickly decarbonise its power sector that was launched at COP26 in Glasgow by the United States, Britain and European Union.

To access the programme’s $20 billion worth of grants and concessional loans over a three- to five-year period, Indonesia has committed to capping power sector emissions at 290 million tonnes by 2030 – and with a peak that same year.

The public and private sectors have pledged about half of the funds each.

Indonesia also has set a goal to reach net-zero emissions in its power sector by 2050, a full decade before its current target set in its national climate plan, and to double the pace of renewable energy deployment so that it accounts for at least 34% of all power generation by 2030.

“We’ve built a platform for cooperation that can truly transform Indonesia’s power sector from coal to renewables and support significant economic growth,” US Special Envoy on Climate Change John Kerry said.

“We’ve wrestled with countless issues to arrive at today’s groundbreaking announcement.”

ALSO SEE:

US, Europe Chase Cheaper EV Battery to Curb China Dominance

 

 

Earlier, Lower Peak

The Treasury official said that the peak power emissions for Indonesia in 2030 under the plan would be at a level 25% lower than their currently estimated peak in 2037. Indonesia’s annual emissions reduction over those years would be larger than Britain’s annual power sector emissions, the official said.

The plan will eliminate 300 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions through 2030 and a reduction of well over 2 billion tonnes through 2060, the partners said in their statement.

“Indonesia is committed to using our energy transition to achieve a green economy and drive sustainable development,” Indonesian President Joko Widodo said in a statement.

“This partnership will generate valuable lessons for the global community and can be replicated in other countries to help meet our shared climate goals,” he added.

 

US, Japan Lead

The United States and Japan are co-leading the effort with Indonesia on behalf of the other G7 democracies Britain, Canada, France, Germany Italy, as well as partners Norway, Denmark and the European Union.

On Monday, Japan announced it would help Indonesia transition away from coal power through public and private institutions, including the state-affiliated Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC).

Indonesia, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and a private power producer on Monday announced plans to refinance and prematurely retire a 660-megawatt coal-fired power plant in West Java province, the first such deal under the ADB’s groundbreaking new carbon emissions reduction financing programme.

US Treasury and State Department officials said half of the $20 billion would come from the private sector, with seven global banks participating: Bank of America, Citigroup, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, Standard Chartered, Macquarie and MUFG.

The US officials said that public finance would include concessional lending and equity, as well as some grants.

The United States will work with Indonesia to map out a 90-day plan to set up a secretariat to run the initiative and for Indonesia to reform its policies, such as streamlining permitting and setting up a competitive procurement process to make the targets achievable.

South Africa this month said the scale of funding it requires to phase out its coal was much higher than the funding mobilised through its JETP mechanism.

The State Department official said it had learned some lessons and had engaged local partners from the outset to “move as fast as possible”.

 

  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard

 

ALSO SEE:

 

China Faces Huge Transition from Coal to Clean Energy – SCMP

 

China’s Belt & Road Cut Funds for Foreign Coal Plants: Report

 

Indonesia Sets Coal Benchmark Price at a Record High

 

Indonesia to Give Coal The Sack, Retire Old Power Plants

 

 

Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years.

Recent Posts

Japan, Korea, US Agree Forex Cooperation As Yen, Won Dive

Fading hopes of a US interest rate cut anytime soon have pushed the Japanese currency…

11 hours ago

US Set to Restore China Solar Tech Tariffs After Korea Firm Plea

The solar division of Korean conglomerate Hanwha Corp, Qcells, is looking to protect a planned…

12 hours ago

Biden to Propose Tripling Tariffs on Metal Products From China

President eyes hiking tariffs amid a push for blue-collar votes on a visit to Pittsburgh,…

20 hours ago

Japanese Firms Eye Moves to the US as ‘China Illusion’ Fades

With Japanese firms now wary about investing in China, the US's economic resilience has proven…

21 hours ago

Apple Eyes Indonesia Fab as it Reduces China Reliance – AP

Apple CEO Cook also met Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh in Hanoi on Tuesday as the…

22 hours ago

IMF Tips 3.2% Global Growth, Warns China on Property Crisis

IMF chief economist says China’s economy is strained by its property crisis and warns that…

23 hours ago