Electric Vehicles

China’s EV Battery Giant CATL Profit Eases on Slower Demand


Chinese EV battery maker maker CATL said on Thursday its third-quarter profit increased by 10.7%.

That result though was its weakest quarter this year because of tough competition and slowing demand. It is a major slowdown from a 63% jump in second-quarter profit and the 188% spurt in the third quarter of 2022.

CATL saw its China market share tumble in September to the lowest in more than a year, data showed, underscoring the challenges it faces from smaller rivals and weakening demand in the world’s largest electric vehicle market.

It said its net earnings for the third quarter totalled 10.4 billion yuan ($1.42 billion), a 10.7% increase from a year earlier. It was the softest quarter of growth since the first quarter of 2022 when earnings dropped 23.6%.


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Battery installations slip to 39%

“CATL is facing pressure in the near-term, given competition from tier-2 battery makers who price their products at a discount to CATL, and weaker-than-expected lithium-ion battery demand,” Citi analysts said in a note.

“This… is an incentive for CATL to offer some price cuts to secure its market share.”

CATL’s market share by battery installations in China-made EVs dropped to 39% in September, the lowest since June last year and down from 45% three months earlier, data from the China Automotive Battery Innovation Alliance (CABIA) showed, as rivals accelerated supplies.

Second-ranked BYD and third-placed CALB both boosted their shipments in China by more than 71% in the first nine months of this year, far outpacing CATL’s 18.8% growth, according to the data.

CATL’s weaker earnings growth also comes amid weakening EV sales in China that stoked an intense price war among automakers and subsequent pressure on battery firms and other suppliers to cut costs.

China’s EV battery installation volume grew 32% in the first nine months of this year, cooling from a 38% gain in the first half and roughly one-third of growth for the same period in 2022, CABIA data showed.

In a sign of challenges from outside its home turf, CATL’s partner Ford Motor said last month that it has paused work on a $3.5 billion EV battery plant in Michigan amid growing concerns by US politicians that it could facilitate the flow of US EV tax subsidies to China.

Shares in Shenzhen-listed CATL have dropped about 16% so far this year, lagging a 8.7% drop in the broader market.


  • Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard




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Jim Pollard

Jim Pollard is an Australian journalist based in Thailand since 1999. He worked for News Ltd papers in Sydney, Perth, London and Melbourne before travelling through SE Asia in the late 90s. He was a senior editor at The Nation for 17+ years.

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